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Friday, October 26, 2012

Subordinating Conjunctions


Subordinating conjunctions allow a writer to show which idea is more and which is less important. The idea in the main clause is the more important, while the idea in the subordinate clause (made subordinate by the subordinating conjunction) is less important.
Complex sentences with dependent adverb clauses:
Adverb clauses provide the following kind of information: when, where, why, for what purpose, and so on.

Subordinating conjunctions
Relationship
Examples
When, whenever
Used to express time (when?)
When students complete the two prerequisites, they will be eligible for the business course.
Where, wherever
Used to express place (where?)
The students need to go where the training sessions will be held.
Because, since, as
Used to express reason (why?)
The student deferred her studies because she arrived after the semester began.
Although, though, even though
Used to express contrast
Although the semester already commenced, the university was accepting late enrolments.
While, whereas
Used to express to express contrast
Second year diploma students focus on marketing and accounting, while first year study business.
So that, in order that
Used to express purpose (for what purpose?)
The parents requested students’ visas so that their children could pursue studies in Australia.

Subordinating Conjunctions usage:
Time
Reason/cause/
purpose
Concession/comparison/
contrast
Place
Condition
Manner
after
before
since
when
whenever
while
until
as
as soon as
as long as
once
still
till
because
since
so that
in order that
why
as
although
though
even though
while
as
as though
even though
just as
though
whereas
while

where
wherever
if
unless
until
in case

provided that

assuming that

even if

as if

as though

how
References: Awdiah murabbeen resources /University of Victoria/ University of Technology Sydney

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